Detailed guide: The Military Court Service

Ministry Of Defence

January 13
16:29 2021

Message from the Judge Advocate General dated 11 January 2021


The Lord Chief Justice has made it clear that courts and tribunals should continue to operate during the current phase of the pandemic, implementing such measures as necessary to ensure the safety of court staff and users. Accordingly, the Service Courts will continue to operate, but at a reduced level. Attendance at court as a witness, defendant, advocate, board member or assisting officer is exempt from the lockdown restrictions, and anyone who is required to come to court should do so.If an individual wishes to raise concerns about attending court, they should in the first instance contact the party who has asked them to come to court. Further guidance is available in protocols issued earlier during the pandemic, which are available on the website of the Military Court Service

I have reviewed the procedures for operating the Service Courts during the current lockdown. This document should be read in conjunction with previous protocols issued during the pandemic. The following additional measures should be implemented for all cases in the Service Justice System from 11 January 2021. Some of them may appear to be over-prescriptive, but they are designed to protect the safety of everyone in the court building and thus help to limit the spread of the virus. A young private soldier may not find it easy to ask their advocate or assisting officer to preserve social distancing when they are being asked for instructions in open court and may need rely on others toassist.


A review of the provisions currently in place in both court centres has being conducted and confirmed that they provide appropriate protection against the new strain of the coronavirus.

The following additional procedures are to be implemented:


Unless otherwise exempt, all court users are to wear masks:

  • in the public areas of the court buildings
  • when moving around the court building
  • in court, unless they are a witness giving evidence or lead advocate for prosecution ordefence. The judge advocate, board members and court staff may wear a mask in the court room at their discretion.

Social distancing

Social distancing is to be strictly followed by everyone within the court precincts.



Announcements about the need to socially distance should be made on the court broadcast system at regular times when the court is not in session.

Court Staff

Court staff must raise any concerns about social distancing immediately with those concerned, and then with the court officer or senior member of staff present. Any further difficulties should be raised with the Resident Judge, who may direct that a person not complying with the regulations leaves the court building.

Court Officers and Resident Judges should consider whether the member of staff in court can be present virtually from their office, monitoring the proceedings over video link and coming to the court room when required.

Judge Advocates

Judge advocates should take a pro-active role in court to ensure social distancing is maintained. This may include:

  • reminding all in court about the importance of social distancing, hand-washing etc
  • stopping an advocate from approaching their opponent for a quiet word about a legal issue
  • preventing a sotto voce discussion between advocate and their client or assisting officer
  • allowing time for advocates to leave court for a discussion with client or opponent
  • ensuring court users leave the court in an appropriate fashion. Judges should consider being the last person to leave court, with the exception of court staff.


Court 1 in each Court Centre will only conduct contested trials and, where witnesses are being called, appeals against finding and Newton Hearings.

PTPHs and other suitable cases should be heard with all participants attending by live link.

Sentencing Hearings

Sentencing hearings are to be held with all participants, including lay Board members, attending by live link. The judge advocate may direct that some or all participants are to attend in person if they consider that is necessary in the interests of justice. Otherwise cases should be conducted by live link.

Detailed provisions for remote sentencing hearings will be supplied shortly.

Message from the Judge Advocate General dated 2 November 2020

New COVID-19 restrictions for England

The Prime Minister announced on 31 October the intention of the Government to introduce regulations that place England back into lockdown. The work of the Service courts will continue to be exempted from these measures, as is the case the case with Civilian and Tribunals. It is vital for the well-being of the country that the administration of justice continues to operate. The legal profession, the parties, board members, witnesses, judges and court staff are all key workers, vital to the continued running of the courts in this proposed period of renewed significant restrictions. Our experience since March has left us much better prepared. The Military Court Service will continue to follow and implement public health advice to reduce risk. Further detailed guidance on how we plan to conduct proceedings as safely as possible in these challenging times can be found in the Protocol on COVID Procedures in the Service Courts.

HHJ Alan LargeJudge Advocate General and the Director of the Military Court Service

Message from the Judge Advocate General dated 5 November 2020

Service courts during second lockdown period

Significantly increased levels of infection across the country have resulted in the government introducing a second lockdown commencing on 5 November 2020. In order to limit the spread of infection and maintain the safety of all court users at the Military Court Centres during this critical period, from Monday 9 November each court centre will operate one court for contested trials. The second court will be available for sentencing hearings. Case management hearings will continue to be held virtually. This measure will be reviewed regularly but is likely to continue until the end of the current lockdown. Thereafter the courts will return to operating both courts.

The Judge Advocate General and the Director of the Military Court Service are very conscious of the impact this decision will have upon everyone involved in the cases affected, including victims, witnesses, defendants and legal representatives. Every effort will be made to reschedule cases as soon as possible.

HHJ Alan LargeJudge Advocate General and the Director of the Military Court Service

Please direct any queries to the following:

Bulford and Catterick Court Procedures during COVID-19

Protocol on COVID procedures in the service courts (PDF, 208KB, 11 pages)

COVID-19 Health and Safety Protocol

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