Rare Rubens portrait at risk of leaving the UK

Arts Council England

April 8
08:00 2018

Arts Minister Michael Ellis has placed a temporary export bar on a painting by Sir Peter Paul Rubens to provide an opportunity to keep it in the country.

Head of an African Man Wearing a Turban is one of the few existing examples of artwork from the 17th century that records an African man in Europe. It is at risk of being exported unless a buyer can be found to match the asking price of 7,695,860.

The oil sketch was used by Rubens in his 1609 portrayal of Balthazar in Adoration of the Magi, which depicts the giving of gold, frankincense and myrrh to the infant Jesus.

Rubens is one of the pre-eminent painters of the 17th century and among the most influential artists of the Flemish Baroque tradition. He was knighted by Charles I and while living in London also painted the masterpiece ceiling of the Banqueting House - one of the most famous works from the golden age of painting.

Head of an African Man Wearing a Turban, which has been in the UK for more than 100 years, is painted on a list of accounts written in Italian. This has led experts to believe that it may have been completed in Italy and brought back to Antwerp.

The fact that it is on paper, rather than his favoured panel, suggests that this is a unique record of an individual the painter encountered, rather than of a posed model. It is one of approximately 30 oil sketches completed by Rubens in British public collections.

Arts Minister Michael Ellis said:

Rubens was one of the great artists of the golden age of painting. This powerful sketch is not only a stunning example of his work, but hugely important as a rare representation of an African man in Europe at this time. I hope that a buyer can be found so that this outstanding item can be kept in the UK for future generations to enjoy.

The decision to defer the export licence follows a recommendation by the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest (RCEWA), administered by The Arts Council.

RCEWA member Aidan Weston-Lewis said:

This magnificent portrait study of a North African is a supreme example of Rubenss gifts as a painter from life. With the portrait of Juan de Pareja by Velzquez in the Metropolitan Museum in New York which was exported from the UK in 1971 amid much controversy it is also the most positive and dignified representation of a black person in 17th-century European art. On both counts it would make a transformative addition to a public collection in this country and its permanent export would, like Juan de Pareja, long be regretted.

The RCEWA made its recommendation on the grounds of the paintings outstanding aesthetic importance and significance for the study of Rubens artistic practice. It was felt that the presence of this work in a public collection would help enhance a sense of shared history and heritage and would boost a commitment to serving a more diverse audience.

The decision on the export licence application for the Head of an African Man Wearing a Turban will be deferred until 7 July 2018. This may be extended until 7 January 2019 if a serious intention to raise funds to purchase it is made at the recommended price of 7,695,860.

Organisations or individuals interested in purchasing the Head of an African Man Wearing a Turban should contact the RCEWA on 0845 300 6200.

An image of the painting can be downloaded here.


For media information contact:Faye JacksonCommunications OfficerDepartment for Digital, Culture, Media and SportTel: 020 7211 6263Email:

Notes to editors

  1. Organisations or individuals interested in purchasing the oil sketch should contact the RCEWA on 0845 300 6200.
  2. Provenance:E. Christopher Norris (1907-1987), Polesden Lacey, Great Bookham, nr. Dorking,Surrey; His sale, London, Sothebys, May 23, 1951, lot 96 (unsold); His posthumoussale, London, Christies, December 11, 1987, lot 19 (unsold); Private collection,England, until 2004; Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd, London; Private collection, England
  3. Details of the oil sketch are as follows:The Head of an African Man Wearing a TurbanOil on paper, laid down on panel, 54 x 39 cm (excluding a modern strip of paint ofapproximately 8 cm in width that has been added at left)
  4. The Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest is an independent body, serviced by The Arts Council, which advises the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on whether a cultural object, intended for export, is of national importance under specified criteria.
  5. The Arts Council champions, develops and invests in artistic and cultural experiences that enrich peoples lives. It supports a range of activities across the arts, museums and libraries from theatre to digital art, reading to dance, music to l

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