GovWire

Detailed guide: Avian influenza (bird flu)

Animal Plant Health Agency

December 4
19:02 2020

Avian influenza (bird flu) mainly affects birds. It can also affect humans and other mammals.

Bird flu is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect any type of bird flu in poultry or captive birds you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77 - please select option 7).

If you keep poultry, whether commercially on a farm, or as pets in your garden, or rearing game birds, you should keep a close watch on them for signs of disease and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your poultry, seek prompt advice from your vet.

Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeon (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets, so we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds.

Latest situation

Poultry and other captive birds

Update 4 December 2020: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises. You can find out more about both this case and the declaration detailing the measures that apply in each zone in the movement controls and licences section.

Update 3 December 2020: The Chief Veterinary Officers for England, Scotland and Wales have agreed to bring in new measures to help protect poultry and captive birds. The new housing measures announced on the 3 December 2020, which will come into force on the 14 December 2020, mean that it will be a legal requirement for all bird keepers to keep their birds indoors and to follow strict biosecurity measures in order to limit the spread of and eradicate the disease.

These housing measures build on the strengthened biosecurity regulations that were brought in as part of the Avian Influenza Protection Zone (AIPZ) on 11 November 2020. The AIPZ means all bird keepers (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions.

Further details of the measures that apply in the AIPZ can be found in the AIPZ declaration and our biosecurity guidance.

Government Chief Veterinary Officers are encouraging bird keepers to use the next 11 days to prepare for new housing measures, including taking steps to safeguard animal welfare, consult their vet and where necessary put up additional housing.

To assist all bird keepers we have updated the biosecurity guidance and published a new self-assessment biosecurity checklist.

The decision to implement the housing measures on the 14 December 2020 in addition to the current AIPZ measures has been made in light of evidence from the continent and ongoing high numbers of findings among wild bird populations in England. The risk of incursion of avian influenza has been increased to very high for wild birds and medium for poultry with high biosecurity and high for poultry with poor biosecurity. Further details on the evidence which supported these decisions can be found in our risk assessments.

Update 3 December 2020: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises. These zones replace the Temporary Control Zones put in place on the 1 December 2020.

This is the second premise at which HPAI H5N8 has been confirmed near Northallerton. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at the first premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire on 29 November 2020. You can find out more about both these cases and the declarations detailing the measures that apply in each zone in the movement controls and licences section.

Update 27 November 2020: The 3km Protection Zone in Cheshire declared on the 3 November 2020 has been revoked and the area that formed that Protection Zone has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone. Details of the measures that apply in this Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Cases in England

The following 8 cases of avian influenza in poultry or other captive birds have now been confirmed:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a second premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Temporary Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds at a wetland centre (non-poultry premises) near Stroud in Gloucestershire. Following a risk assessment a 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been put in place around the premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed on the 10 November in broiler breeder chickens at a premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed on the 2 November at a premises near Frodsham, Cheshire. A 10km Surveillance Zone is in place around the infected premises.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 was confirmed on the 2 November at a premises near Deal, Kent. A 1km low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) Restricted Zone has been put around the premises.

We have published an outbreak assessment for these cases and both LPAI and HPAI detections in UK and Europe.

Check if you are in a disease control zone on our interactive map.

You can find out more about these cases on the

Related Articles

Comments

  1. We don't have any comments for this article yet. Why not join in and start a discussion.

Write a Comment

Your name:
Your email:
Comments:

Post my comment

Recent Comments

Follow Us on Twitter

Share This


Enjoyed this? Why not share it with others if you've found it useful by using one of the tools below: