Department For Transport
What you must do when you enter England from abroad depends on whether youre fully vaccinated under an approved vaccination programme. Some people qualify for fully vaccinated rules for different reasons.
New rules for fully vaccinated arrivals
If you are fully vaccinated and arrive in England from a country that is not on the red list, you:
- must quarantine at home or in the place youre staying
- take a PCR test before the end of day 2 after you arrive (lateral flow tests will not be accepted)
- can end quarantine if your PCR test result is negative
Read the guidance on this page to find out how long you must quarantine for, and what you can and cannot do in quarantine.
If youve been in a red list country
There are different rules if youve been in a red list country in the 10 days before you arrive in England.
Who this guidance is for
This guidance is for people who:
- have not been in a country on the red list in the 10 days before arriving in England
- must quarantine at home or in the place theyre staying after international travel
How long you must quarantine for
If youre fully vaccinated
If youre fully vaccinated you must take a COVID-19 PCR test on before day 2 after you arrive in England.If the test result is negative, you can end your quarantine immediately.
If your test result is positive, you must self-isolate for 10 full days. The day you took the test is day 0.
If your test result is unclear, you must self-isolate for 10 full days. The day you took the test is day 0. You can choose to take another private PCR test. If the result is negative, you can stop self-isolating.
If your test result is delayed, you must quarantine until you receive a negative test result or until day 14 after arrival, whichever is sooner.
If youre in England for less than 2 days, you must quarantine until you receive a negative day 2 COVID-19 PCR test, or until you leave England, whichever is sooner.
If you are not fully vaccinated
You must quarantine for 10 full days.
The quarantine period is continuous from the day you arrive in England, and lasts for the next 10 full days after the day you arrived until 11:59pm on day 10. This period is necessary because it can take up to 10 days for COVID-19 symptoms to appear.
To count the days:
- the day you arrive in England is day 0
- the day after you arrive is day 1, and so on
If youre travelling to England for less than 10 days, you will need to quarantine for the whole of your stay. You must still book and pay for your day 2 and day 8 travel tests, even if you will no longer be in England on the dates of the tests. You only need to take the tests if youre still in England on those dates.
How to travel to the place where youre quarantining
When you arrive in England, go straight to the place youre staying to quarantine. Only use public transport if you have no other option, and make sure you follow safer travel guidance for passengers.
If you have or develop COVID-19 symptoms
If you have COVID-19 symptoms, its important that you do not travel by public transport.
If you develop COVID-19 symptoms when youre travelling to England, you should tell one of the crew on your plane, boat, train or bus. Theyll let staff in the airport, port or station know, so they can tell you what you should do next when you arrive.
Long journeys to your quarantine accommodation
If you have a long journey within the UK to arrive at the place where youll be quarantining, you may be able to stop overnight in accommodation where you can quarantine yourself from others before continuing your journey.
You must follow the guidance on how to stay safe and prevent the spread of COVID-19. You must quarantine and provide the address of your overnight stop on your passenger locator form in addition to your declared accommodation address.
What you can and cannot do in quarantine
You must quarantine at the address you provided on the passenger locator form. This can include staying:
- in your own home
- with friends or family
- in a standard hotel or other temporary accommodation
You do not have to quarantine in a managed quarantine hotel these are only for people arriving from countries on the red list.
You must quarantine in one place for the full quarantine period, where you can have food and other necessities delivered.
As soon as you arrive at your place of quarantine you should, as far as possible, avoid contact with other people in the place where youre quarantining to reduce the risk of spreading COVID-19.
You should stay in a well ventilated room with an outside window that can be opened, separate from other people in your home.
If youre staying in a hotel or guest house, you must stay away from others who did not travel with you. You must not use shared areas such as bars, restaurants, health clubs and sports facilities.
Stay 2 metres apart from other people staying there at all times.
You cannot have visitors, including friends and family, unless theyre providing:
- emergency assistance
- care or assistance, including personal care
- medical assistance
- veterinary services
- certain critical public services
Unless youre at risk of harm, you cannot leave the premises where youre in quarantine. You must only exercise inside the place where youre quarantining or in the garden. You cannot leave to walk your dog. You will need to ask friends or relatives to help you with this.
If youre at risk of harm
If youre at risk of harm (for example, in cases of domestic abuse), you can leave the place where youre quarantining.
You must not go shopping. If you need help buying groceries, other shopping or picking up medication, you should ask friends or relatives or order a delivery or ask for help from NHS Volunteer Responders.
Getting or posting your tests
Where your testing provider conducts the day 2 and day 8 tests at a test site you can leave the house for your test. Where your tests are delivered and self-administered, if there is no one in your household or bubble who can post the test for processing, you can leave the premises to post your test.
If you have to leave the premises, you should follow safer travel guidance and avoid public transport if possible.
You can leave your accommodation in certain exceptional circumstances. This includes needing t