Department For Transport
Under national restrictions, taxis and private hire vehicles (PHVs) should operate services as normal for passengers who have a legally permitted reason to travel. To help control the spread of the virus you should remind passengers of the rules of travel but you do not have to refuse to carry them.
There are different restrictions in the other?UK nations:
Local restriction tiers
From, and including, 2 December 2020 a system of local restriction tiers will apply to passengers in England. We advise passengers to check the local restriction tiers that apply in the areas they will pass through.
Taxis and private hire vehicles providing services through or within these areas should continue operating services as normal. To help control the spread of the virus you should remind passengers of the rules on social contact but you do not have to refuse to carry them.
These restrictions apply only to England. There are different restrictions in the other?UK?nations:
Travel over the festive period
Some social contact restrictions will be different between 23 and 27 December. Passengers may travel to meet people in their Christmas bubble and return home between 23 and 27 December. People travelling to or from Northern Ireland may also travel on 22 and 28 December.
Carrying out a COVID-19 risk assessment - drivers
As a self-employed driver of a vehicle you must conduct a risk assessment to understand the risks and what you can do about them. You should think about how you work and ways you can protect yourself and your passengers.
As a driver you do not have to write anything down about your risk assessment.
Picking up passengers
Before a passenger enters your vehicle, you should ask if they have:
- coronavirus symptoms a fever, new cough or loss of smell or taste
- had a positive coronavirus test in the last 10 days
You should refuse service if they have.
You should wash or sanitise your hands if you come into contact with a passenger or their luggage. You should do this before and after contact.
You must continue to provide support to disabled passengers to safely enter and exit your vehicle. You must continue to assist disabled passengers with their luggage and mobility equipment.
Show passengers your face while socially distancing so that they can identify you as their driver.
People must stay at home and avoid travel, unless for work, education or other legally permitted reasons. If travelling away from home under a legally permitted reason, passengers can only travel with someone they live with (social contact), or with someone they have formed a support bubble with, unless they are travelling as part of an activity that is exempt.
To help control the spread of the virus you should remind passengers of the rule, but you do not have to refuse to carry them.
Passengers travelling from, and including, 2 December should check the local restriction tiers that apply in the areas they will pass through. To help control the spread of the virus you should remind passengers of the rules on social contact applicable in the tier you are operating in, but you do not have to refuse to carry them.
In the vehicle
Passengers must wear a face covering in a taxi or PHV, unless they are exempt. You can refuse to take a passenger if they are not wearing a face covering and they are not exempt. Passengers do not have to provide proof that they are exempt.
You do not have to wear a face covering, but we recommend that you do if it does not affect your ability to drive safely. Your licensing authority or operator may ask you to wear a face covering. You should follow their guidance if it does not affect your ability to drive safely.
You may need to remove your face covering in order to communicate with passengers who are deaf or hard of hearing.
You should ask passengers to sit as far from you as possible or put a mark where you would like them to sit. Where possible they should not sit in the front of the vehicle.
Open windows when carrying passengers and/or use the cars vents to bring in fresh air from outside. You should not use the recirculated air option for the cars ventilation system when carrying passengers.
End of journey - leaving the vehicle
Take contactless payment if you can.
If not, you should wash your hands with soap and water or sanitiser after handling money.
You should remind passengers to wash or sanitise their hands after the journey.
Preparing your vehicle for the next passenger
COVID is carried in the air by tiny droplets. Larger droplets can land on surfaces they touch. Smaller droplets (called aerosols), can stay in the air for at least 5 minutes and often much longer if there is no ventilation.
Between every journey you should:
- clean those parts of your vehicle that you or passengers may have touched, for example door handles, payment devices, protective screens, buttons, seats
- open doors / windows to ventilate the car for 5 minutes
- wash your hands for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitiser
If you have coronavirus symptoms or have been told to self-isolate
You should not work if you have coronavirus symptoms or you have been told to self-isolate. If you have coronavirus symptoms you should get a test as soon as possible. You should stay at home until you get the result.
Financial help for drivers
If you are told to self-isolate by NHS Test and Trace, you may be entitled to a payment of 500 from your local council under the Test and Trace Support Payment scheme.
Self-employed drivers may also be eligible for: